Foreign Defendants Have No Due Process Right to Personally Attend a Civil Forfeiture Hearing, Holds Eleventh Circuit

In USA v. Approximately $281,110.00, No. 20-11107 (11th Cir. Oct. 13, 2021), the Eleventh Circuit affirms a civil forfeiture verdict where the jury rejected an innocent-owner defense for Chinese nationals who were barred from entering the country for trial. “The main issue on appeal is whether foreign nationals have a constitutional right to enter theContinue reading “Foreign Defendants Have No Due Process Right to Personally Attend a Civil Forfeiture Hearing, Holds Eleventh Circuit”

Eleventh Circuit Regrets Having Invented a New Burden of Proof for Fourth Amendment Exception, So It Rules En Banc to Wipe “Reasonable Probability” From Books

In United States v. Watkins, No. 18-14336 (11th Cir. Aug. 20, 2021), the en banc Eleventh Circuit unanimously overrules the “reasonable probability” standard it had used since the 1980s to evaluate claims by police under the Fourth Amendment “inevitable discovery” exception, Nix v. Williams, 467 U.S. 431 (1984). It holds that the correct standard, consistentContinue reading “Eleventh Circuit Regrets Having Invented a New Burden of Proof for Fourth Amendment Exception, So It Rules En Banc to Wipe “Reasonable Probability” From Books”

Eleventh Circuit Criticizes Expansion of Rooker-Feldman by Lower Courts as “One-Size-Fits-All Preclusion Doctrine”

In Behr v. Campbell, No. 18-12842 (11th Cir. Aug. 12, 2021), the Eleventh Circuit reverses a sua sponte dismissal of a 30-count federal civil-rights complaint arising out of events from a state-court domestic relations dispute. “That kind of sweeping dismissal is not at all unusual—but it is also at odds with the Supreme Court’s clearlyContinue reading “Eleventh Circuit Criticizes Expansion of Rooker-Feldman by Lower Courts as “One-Size-Fits-All Preclusion Doctrine””

Suit by Heir Over Deceased Parent’s Investment Does Not Fall Under Probate Exception to Diversity, Holds Eleventh Circuit

In Fisher v. PNC Bank, N.A., No. 20-10110 (11th Cir. June 29, 2021), the Eleventh Circuit reverses dismissal of a state-law conversion and fraud action, finding that there is diversity jurisdiction and standing. The panel rejects the bank’s argument that the claim, concerning a joint account with an accountholder who died, falls within the probateContinue reading “Suit by Heir Over Deceased Parent’s Investment Does Not Fall Under Probate Exception to Diversity, Holds Eleventh Circuit”

Eleventh Circuit Holds District Court Abused Discretion in Denying Deposition of Senior Executive in ADA Case After A Dozen Motions to Compel

In Akridge v. Alfa Mut. Ins. Co., No. 19-10827 (11th Cir June 21, 2021), the Eleventh Circuit vacates summary judgment in an Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), because the district court refused to compel a deposition of an Executive Vice President of Human Resources. The plaintiff alleged that defendant Alfa “discriminated against her by terminatingContinue reading “Eleventh Circuit Holds District Court Abused Discretion in Denying Deposition of Senior Executive in ADA Case After A Dozen Motions to Compel”

Eleventh Circuit Holds That Federal Lawsuit Against Receiver Whose Appointment Has Ended Survives Barton Doctrine, Creating Circuit Split

In Chua v. Ekonomou, No. 20-12576 (11th Cir. June 15, 2021), the Eleventh Circuit holds that there is federal subject-matter jurisdiction over a lawsuit against a state-court-appointed receiver whose appointment has expired, notwithstanding the Barton doctrine, though the claim was properly dismissed on judicial immunity grounds. Plaintiff Chua prescribed hydrocodone for a college student whoContinue reading “Eleventh Circuit Holds That Federal Lawsuit Against Receiver Whose Appointment Has Ended Survives Barton Doctrine, Creating Circuit Split”

RICO’s Nationwide Service-of-Process Rule Does Not Extend Overseas, Holds Eleventh Circuit

In Don’t Look Media LLC v. Fly Victor Ltd., No. 20-10779 (11th Cir. June 4, 2021), the panel affirms dismissal of a case on personal jurisdiction grounds, holding that attempted service of a defendant in London did not satisfy RICO’s nationwide service-of-process rule, 18 U.S.C. § 1965. A contract to operate a commercial website unraveled.Continue reading “RICO’s Nationwide Service-of-Process Rule Does Not Extend Overseas, Holds Eleventh Circuit”

Split Eleventh Circuit Panel Holds That Filing of Voluntary Dismissal Under Fed. R. Civ. P. 41(a)(1)(A)(i) Cut-Off District Court’s Power to Modify Protective Order

In Absolute Activist Value Master Fund Ltd. v. Devine, No. 20-10237 (11th Cir. May 28, 2021), the panel majority holds that the plaintiffs hedge funds’ (the Funds) filing of a Rule 41(a)(1)(A)(i) “voluntary dismissal stripped the District Court of jurisdiction to consider [defendant] Devine’s post-dismissal motion to modify” a protective order. Defendant Devine and herContinue reading “Split Eleventh Circuit Panel Holds That Filing of Voluntary Dismissal Under Fed. R. Civ. P. 41(a)(1)(A)(i) Cut-Off District Court’s Power to Modify Protective Order”

Culture Wars in the Eleventh Circuit? En Banc Court Votes to Vacate Conviction Because Christian Juror Who “Trusted the Holy Ghost” Was Erroneously Dismissed from Trial

In United States v. Brown, No. 17-15470 (11th Cir. May 6, 2021) (en banc), a strict partisan split yields a 7-4 decision to vacate the fraud conviction of a former U.S. Representative because the judge removed a juror during deliberations who said that “A Higher Being told me [the defendant] was Not Guilty on allContinue reading “Culture Wars in the Eleventh Circuit? En Banc Court Votes to Vacate Conviction Because Christian Juror Who “Trusted the Holy Ghost” Was Erroneously Dismissed from Trial”

Eleventh Circuit Holds Deaf User of City Website Had Standing to Sue, While Concurring Opinion Urges Complete Overhaul of Injury-in-Fact Inquiry for Article III Standing

In Sierra v. City of Hallandale Beach Fla., No. 19-13694 (11th Cir. May 6, 2021), the panel holds that a deaf visitor to a municipal website had standing to challenge the lack of closed captioning on the videos. Judge Newsom, in a 57-page separate opinion, expresses “doubt that current standing doctrine—and especially its injury-in-fact requirement—isContinue reading “Eleventh Circuit Holds Deaf User of City Website Had Standing to Sue, While Concurring Opinion Urges Complete Overhaul of Injury-in-Fact Inquiry for Article III Standing”