Must the Government Prove That an “Enterprise” Presently Exists as the Object of a RICO Conspiracy? A Split Sixth Circuit Panel Enters the Fray in Biker Gang Prosecution.

In United States v. Rich, No. 18-2268 (6th Cir. Sept. 13, 2021), the Sixth Circuit enters the circuit split about whether, in a Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organization Act (RICO) prosecution, the government is required “to prove the existence of the enterprise, or whether an agreement to create a racketeering enterprise suffices.” The majority holdsContinue reading “Must the Government Prove That an “Enterprise” Presently Exists as the Object of a RICO Conspiracy? A Split Sixth Circuit Panel Enters the Fray in Biker Gang Prosecution.”

Judicial Severance of an Invalid Provision From a Statute Is Not a “Remedy” with Only Prospective Effect, Holds Sixth Circuit

In Lindenbaum v. Realgy, LLC, No. 20-4252 (6th Cir. Sept. 9, 2021), the Sixth Circuit holds that severance of an offending section of a federal statute by the U.S. Supreme Court is not a judicial “remedy” that operates only prospectively and that severance thus has retrospective effect. Two terms ago in Barr v. Am. Ass’nContinue reading “Judicial Severance of an Invalid Provision From a Statute Is Not a “Remedy” with Only Prospective Effect, Holds Sixth Circuit”

Sixth Circuit Divides Over Whether Voluntary Dismissal of Undecided Claims Under Fed. R. Civ. P. 41(a)(2), “With the Intention of Reinstating the Dismissed Claims,” Creates an Appealable Final Judgment

In Rowland v. Southern Health Partners, Inc., No. 20-5944 (6th Cir. July 21, 2021), the panel splits over the meaning of its prior case law, holding that a voluntary dismissal without prejudice under Rule 41(a)(2) of claims that might be refiled after a successful appeal does not present a final, appealable judgment under 28 U.S.C.Continue reading “Sixth Circuit Divides Over Whether Voluntary Dismissal of Undecided Claims Under Fed. R. Civ. P. 41(a)(2), “With the Intention of Reinstating the Dismissed Claims,” Creates an Appealable Final Judgment”

Sixth Circuit Affirms Dismissal of 108-Page Prisoner Complaint for Lack of Clarity Under Fed. R. Civ. P. 8

In Kensu v. Corizon, Inc., No. 21-1083 (6th Cir.July 20, 2021), the Sixth Circuit holds that the district court did not abuse its discretion by dismissing a complaint that it found was “woefully short on specifics,” “frequently connect[ed] back to conditions or complaints already litigated,” and “lack[ed] the substance needed for Defendants to answer andContinue reading “Sixth Circuit Affirms Dismissal of 108-Page Prisoner Complaint for Lack of Clarity Under Fed. R. Civ. P. 8”

Split Sixth Circuit Panel Adheres to Prior Authority Applying Rooker-Feldman Doctrine to Interlocutory State-Court Order

In RLR Investments, LLC v. City of Pigeon Forge, Tenn., No. 20-6375 (6th Cir. July 13, 2021), a 2-1 panel holds that Exxon Mobil Corp. v. Saudi Basic Indus. Corp., 544 U.S. 280 (2005) (Exxon), did not abrogate the circuit’s prior caselaw applying the Rooker-Feldman doctrine to state-court interlocutory orders. The Rooker-Feldman doctrine is aContinue reading “Split Sixth Circuit Panel Adheres to Prior Authority Applying Rooker-Feldman Doctrine to Interlocutory State-Court Order”

Creating Split in Circuits, Divided Sixth Circuit Panel Holds That Presenting “Specific Dollar Amount” to Agency in Federal Tort Claims Act Case Is Not a Jurisdictional Requirement

In Copen v. United States, No. 21-2655 (6th Cir. July 6, 2021), a 2-1 panel holds that the requirement under the Federal Tort Claims Act (FTCA), 28 U.S.C. §§ 2671–80, that a tort victim first present “the amount of the claim . . . to the federal agency” (id. § 2675(b)) is mandatory, but notContinue reading “Creating Split in Circuits, Divided Sixth Circuit Panel Holds That Presenting “Specific Dollar Amount” to Agency in Federal Tort Claims Act Case Is Not a Jurisdictional Requirement”

Sixth Circuit Sorts Out Waiver, Forfeiture, and Invited Error in Criminal Sentence Appeal

In United States v. Montgomery, No. 20-1201 (6th Cir. May 24, 2021), a Sixth Circuit panel tries to bring clarity to the distinction between forfeiture and waiver in an appeal of a sentencing error. “The difference between waiver and forfeiture has long bedeviled lawyers and judges alike. Lawyers often split the difference, using the termsContinue reading “Sixth Circuit Sorts Out Waiver, Forfeiture, and Invited Error in Criminal Sentence Appeal”

Sixth Circuit Grants Initial Hearing En Banc in Review of Tennessee Abortion Law, Over Dissent of Six Judges

In Bristol Regional Women’s Center, PC v. Slatery, No. 20-6267 (6th Cir. Apr. 9, 2021), the Sixth Circuit took the unusual step under Fed. R. App. P. 35(a) of granting initial hearing en banc of a challenge to Tennessee’s abortion waiting period law. A prior three-judge panel had denied the state’s motion for a stayContinue reading “Sixth Circuit Grants Initial Hearing En Banc in Review of Tennessee Abortion Law, Over Dissent of Six Judges”

Split Sixth Circuit Panel Holds That A Federal Civil Litigant Has An Equal Protection Right to a Jury Deliberation Free of Racial Bias

In Harden v. Hillman, No. 20-5056 (6th Cir. Apr. 6, 2021), a split panel vacates and remands a defense verdict in a § 1983 case, where a juror testified post-trial that other jurors engaged in racial stereotyping during deliberations. The plaintiff, who is Black, claimed excessive force against Officer Hillman, who allegedly roughed him upContinue reading “Split Sixth Circuit Panel Holds That A Federal Civil Litigant Has An Equal Protection Right to a Jury Deliberation Free of Racial Bias”

Sixth Circuit Holds Computer-Generated Log of Faxes Were Not Hearsay, But Were Properly Excluded for Lack of Authentication

In Lyngaas v. Curaden AG, No. 20-1199 (6th Cir. Mar. 24, 2021), a Telephone Consumer Protection Act (TCPA) class action, the court affirms the district court’s orders concerning the admissibility of a summary-report log that purportedly identified the class members who were called. The class action alleged that the defendants faxed unsolicited ads to thousandsContinue reading “Sixth Circuit Holds Computer-Generated Log of Faxes Were Not Hearsay, But Were Properly Excluded for Lack of Authentication”